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English-Nepali ukhan (Proverbs)



A bad workman quarrels with his toolsnachna jandaina aagan tedo

Black stone will never grow whitekaglai nuhaudaima bakulla hudaina

A burnt child dreads the fireagultale haneko kukur bujuli chamkada tarsanxa

A figure among cyphers/A drop in the oceanhattiko mukhma jira/latako deshma gado tanneri

After death the doctor arrivedhagi sakyo dailo dekhyo

A honey tongue, a heart of gull/A wolf sheep’s clothingmukhma ram ram bagalima chhura

A little knowledge is dangerousapla vidhya khatarnak

An empty vessel sound/dances muchnamachhine ping ko saya jhaddka

A rotten apple injures its companionseuta kuhiyeko aalule bora nai sakhap parxa

As the king so are the subjects/as you sow, so you reapjasto raja ustai praja/jasto ropyo ustai falxa

A word to the wise is enoughmurkhalai saya korra bujhne lai ek kura

Barking dogs seldom bite vukne kukurle tokdaina

Beads along the neck and the devil in the heartmukhma ram ram bagali ma chhura

Building castle in the airmanko laddu gheu sanga

Carrying coals to new castleindraka agadi sorga ko bayan

Cows are never the whiter for washingvaisi nuhaudaima gai hudaina

Cattle don’t die from crow’s cursingjhingako saraple dingo mardaina

Coming events casts their shadows beforehune biruwa ko chillo paat

Contentment is happinesssantos param sukham

Cut your coat according to your clothghati heri haad nilnu

Day and night are alike to a blind mankana gorulai ausi na purne

Diamonds cut diamondsfalamle falam katxa

Do evil and look for likeaafule khaneko khaltoma aafai parxa

Do not vex the sleeping liongulai chalayo gandha

Everything looks yellow to a jaundice eyesaunma aakha futeko goru sadhai hariyo dekhxa

Fair weather friendschhan gedi sabai meri xainan gedi sabai tedi

Fool to other to himself a sagearule tapai vanos navanos aafai mapai

God’s will be done/good marksman may misshune kura tardaina/ghoda chadne ladxa

Good mind, good findaafu valo ta jagati valo

Half a loaf is better than nonenahunu mama vanda kano mama jaati

Hard nut to crackfalamko chiura chapaunu

He jests at scars who never felt a woundaafu namari sworga dekhinna

Haste makes wastehatpatko kaam latpat

He who would catch fish must not mind getting wetmahi magnu dhungro lukaunu

Himself a better and a beggar at his dooraafu ta mahadev kasle dela bar

Ill got, ill spentlootko dhan fupuko shraddha

In the horns of dilemmavirko chindo tala na mathi

It is work that makes a workmanki padera janinxa ki parera

It takes two to make a quarrelek haatle taali bajdaina

Killing two birds with one stonepashupati ko jatra sidrako byapar

Let dogs bark, the caravan goes onkaag karaudai xa pina sukdai xa

Look before you leapghaati heri haad nilnu

Make hay while the sun shinesmaukama chauka hannu

Man proposes, god disposesaafu takxu mudho, bancharo takxa ghudo

Many a little makes a macklethopa thopa milera samundra banxa

Measure for measurejastalai testai/khun ke badla khun

No one knows the weight of another’s burdenachanoko pir khukurile jandaina

No pains, no gainsdukha nagari sukha painna

One flower makes no garlandek haatle taali bajdaina

Once a traitor always a traitorekpatak ko chor sadhai ko chor

Pure gold does not fear the flameakbari sun lai kasi laaunu pardaina

Quit not certainty for hopeaas garnu var naparnu

Respect yourself and you will be respectedsamman pauna samman garnu parxa

Short acquaintance brings repentanceaamako patti na babako patti

Something is better than nothingnahunu mama vanda kano mama jaati

Strike the iron while it is hotmauka ma hira fornu parxa

The empty vessel make much soundkhali gagro dherai bajxa

To kill two birds with one stoneek goli dui sikar

Tit for tatjastalai tastai

To count one’s chicken before they are hatchedchhora paune khile khile voto siune ahile

To make a mountain of a mole hilltilko pahad banaunu

To make castles in the air/Too much courtesy, too much crafthawama mahal banaunu/ati vayepaxi khati hunxa

To rob Peter, to pay Paulkam garne kalu, Makai khane valu

Union is strengthekta nai bal ho

Vows made in storms are forgotten in calmkholo taryo lauro birsyo

When god is kind, all are favorableissor dahina vaye kasko k lagxa

Where there is will, there is a wayjaha ichha teha upaya

What is worse that ill luckbigreko manchheko vatkeko chhal

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Rural Sociology and Development

Introduction è Study of web of social relation - Sociology è Youngest social science, emerged in 19 th century from Europe to alleviate the then social problems and disorders. è French sociologist August Comte presented sociology as the scientific study of social behavior and relationship in his book 'Positive Philosophy' in 1839 A.D. So he is considered as the father of sociology. Four founding fathers of sociology are August Comte, Emile Durkheim, Herbert Spencer, and Max Weber. è Sociology emerged from Latin word 'Socious' and 'Logos' that means 'study or science of society'. è Emile Durkheim: "Sociology is the study of social facts." è Karl Marx: "In a broader sense, sociology is the study of social functions and social system." Rural Sociology: è The credit of Rural Sociology goes to America. The period from 1820 to 1920 in America is labeled as the age of exploitation. Due to the exploitation of ru